Abu Rawash

Home   -    Hotels   -    Specials Deals   -    World Pictures   -    Forum   -    Contact us

 

 

 

 

 

Home >> Egypt

 

 

Hotels in Egypt

Cairo
Sharm el Sheikh
Hurghada
Alexandria
North Coast
Oasis
Nile Cruise
Luxor Hotels
Aswan Hotels
Tours
Package tours
Optional tours
Information
About Egypt
About Cairo
About Sharm
About Hurghada
About Alexandria
About Luxor
About Aswan
About Oasis
Diving
FAQ
Map of Egypt
Egyptian Visa
Weather
Egypt Photo Gallery
Egypt Site Map
Egypt History
Transport
Cairo metro
Train schedule
Buses
Red Sea Ferries
Order Forms:
Order Form
Travel Agents
Contact Us:
Email Form

Abu Rawash

Location

Located some 8 kilometers to the North of Giza, Abu Rawash is the northern most site of the Memphite Necropolis. It got its modern day name from the nearby village Abu Rawash and appears to have been used as a burial site since the time of Aha, at the beginning of the 1st Dynasty.

The Mortuary Complex of Djedefre

The most important monument in this mountainous region, however, is the mortuary complex of Djedefre, successor of Kheops and third king of the 4th Dynasty.

There has been a lot of speculation about Djedefre's motivation to build his funerary monument at Abu Rawash and not next to his father's at Giza. Map Location Abu Rawash

A very common view is that Djedefre chose this remote place to distance himself from the despotic reign of his father, whereas his brother Khefren, returned to Giza because he held the same views as Kheops. The fact that Djedefre built his pyramid away from his father's would thus be telltale of some dynastic fueds in the beginning of the 4th Dynasty. The fact that Mykerinos, son of Khefren, undertook some restoration work at Djedefre's funerary monument does not fit well with the romantic theory of dynastic fueds.

It must be noted that during the early 4th Dynasty, there appears to have been a move towards the North for the royal funerary complex. Snofru moved from Meidum, where he at least completed or perhaps even built a pyramid, to Dashur where he built two pyramids. His son, Kheops, moved even further North, to Giza and Djedefre completed this move by building his pyramd in Abu Rawash. The motivation behind this move North is not clear, but it is still interesting to note.

Recently, it has been proposed that Djedefre moved to Abu Rawash because it was situated opposite Heliopolis, the city of the solar cult. During the reign of Djedefre, the solar cult gained a lot in importance, as is shown by the addition of the title Son of Re to the royal titulary. This could at least explain Djedefre's choice of location, but it does not explain why Kheops moved to Giza.

The structure of Djedefre's funerary monument is fairly simple, but it already has all the elements that are typical for the Old Kingdom. The complex has an inner enclosure wall that rose to a height of about 6 metres.

Abu Rawash map structure

The royal pyramid stood almost in the centre of the complex. The pyramids of Djedefre's predecessors Snofru and Kheops had the burial chamber inside the pyramid above ground level. For unknown reasons, Djedefre prefered to have his burial chamber, built at the bottom of a collossal pit measuring 23 by 10 metres and sunk some 20 metres into the ground. The burial chamber itself measured 21 by 9 metres. This technique was also used for the building of the burial chamber of Netjerikhet at Saqqara.

A 49 metre long corridor slopes up to ground level, providing the entrance to the pyramid. As was already traditional, this entrance was located in the North, pointing to the circumpolar stars.

Abu Rawash Temple

There was a smaller satellite pyramid built to the Southwest of the main pyramid, whereas the mortuary temple, including a small boat pit, stood to the east. It was finished with mud brick, suggesting that work on the mortuary temple was completed hastily. Djedefre's reign is likely to have been short and the king may have died unexpectedly. Khefren, his successor, may have ordered to complete working on this complex as fast as possible so that work on his own funerary monument could start without delay.

 

 

 

   Ancient Egypt Section Links:

 [Cairo History]  [Egyptian History A]  [Egyptian History B]  [Egyptian History C]  [Egyptian History D]  [Egyptian History E]  [Egyptian History F]  [Egyptian History G]  [Pyramids of Giza]  [Abu Rawash]   [Abusir]  [Hathor]  [Pyramid Sakkara]  [Pyramid Dahshour]  [Pyramid of Meidum]  [The white Pyramid]  [Karnak Temple]  [Luxor Temple]  [Queen Hatshepsut]  [Dendara Temple]  [Esna Temple]  [Edfu Temple]  [Kom Ombo]  [Philae Temple]  [Madinet Hapo]  [Abu Simble]  [Queen nefertari]  [Al Azhar Mosque]  [Mohamed ali mosque]  [Amr ibn el aas mosque]  [Ahmed ibn tulun mosque]  [Sultan hassan mosque]  [Qaitbay castle]  [Hanging church]  [Abu serga]  [St barbara]  [Ben ezra]  [St catherine]  [Catacomb kom el shouqafa]  [Pompeys pillar]  [Roman Amphitheatre]  [Colossi of  Memnon]  [Memphis]  [Valley of kings]  [Valley of the nobles]  [Valley of queens]  [Unfinished Obelisk]  [Aswan high dam]  [rosetta stone]  [El Fayoum karanis]  [Khan el khalily bazaar]

All rights reserved. © 1998-2012 by A-1Hotels.com
All rights reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the written permission of the author.
A-1Hotels.com Online Hotel Reservation Owned and Managed by PRINCE TOURS .
Hotel reservations and tours are Managed by Travel Agents depending on destination.
Prince Tours Limited Company and its partners are not responsible for
any mistakes in hotel materials, written or any other kind.

Site designed and maintained by Ocean Impact Group & ORAK SOLUTIONS